Planning: 5 Components
Needs Assessment - Mission - Goals - Objectives - Tasks
(1) NEEDS ASSESSMENT / PROBLEM STATEMENT
Understand and clearly define the problem the program plans to address in as few
words as possible.
Focus on the conditions the program wants to improve/enhance and on specific
benefits that will be produced.
Provide evidence drawn from experience, from statistics provided by
authoritative sources, and from testimony of persons or organizations known to
be knowledgeable/credible. Also, show an understanding of related programs and issues.
Do not make assumptions, use jargon, or use circular reasoning by saying the
problem is the lack of the method suggested.
A brief easily
understood statement of the program's reason for existence.
It proposes a solution to the problem statement (needs assessment)
including the geographic area served, target population, and underlying
philosophy or perspectives.
Goals are broad
statements which spell out all the things needed to be accomplished in order to
achieve the above Mission.
Statements of precise
results for each GOAL the program intends to achieve during a specific
period. Each should be stated in terms of an output
which will establish the program's criteria for success. An objective states the
"ends", but not does not state the "means" or activities
used for achievement. Each objective should:
identify a single desired end result;
state a specific time period for the desired result to occur;
be realistically obtainable; and
define the minimum acceptable level of measurable accomplishment required to
increase, decrease, reduce, expand by X percentage or amount (not
"task" words - create/implement)
"who" is doing "what" to whom "when" --
"How" much is being done -- "How" it will be measured.
of steps taken to accomplish a particular OBJECTIVE.
Each step will identify specific input resources required
(time/information/materials/expenditures), and state specific planned outputs
(reports/meetings/$). Human involvement is typically measured in units of FTE
(full time equivalency based on 40 hours/week).
Standards for outcomes should be established and task output should be
directly linked to Objective outcomes. Special
skills and tools required should also be identified.
provide, establish, create, implement, build, prepare, etc...
how long will each step take, in what order should steps be implemented, what
resources are required per step
understand reason for selecting specific steps instead of others (show
awareness/logic of alternatives)